From the desire to have a tropical aquarium to the spectacle of having the fish swimming in there, it is necessary to make some decisions, to acquire the apparatuses, to assemble and finally to maintain the aquarium. At first, everything seems complicated, but here are some simplified steps to ease the process for beginners.
Step 1: Decisions
Before making any kind of purchase, you must decide what you want to have. Search for the types of fish you like and confirm that they are compatible.
Step 2: Equipment for aquarium decorations
For beginners, it is advised large aquariums where it is easier to control the parameters of the water necessary for the survival of the fish. In small aquariums, the environment is more unstable and the amount of fish you can have is much smaller.
Lighting for tropical aquariums can range from simple and small lamps to something more elaborate for planted aquariums. If you are not going to plant natural plants, opt for a more basic light bulb.
Filters are essential to clean the water and keep it oxygenated. Choose filters that perform a mechanical, chemical and biological filtration, the latter being the most important.
There are two types of the most commonly used heaters: those that are placed hanging at the back of the aquarium and those that are submersible. The temperature in tropical aquariums should be around 25ºC.
Sand with 3 to 5 mm is a good option for the substrate, allowing the biological filtration and fixing of artificial plants or other decorative elements. If using natural plants should opt for several layers of substrate: hummus, some gravel, and sand.
The plants placed in the aquariums can be true or plastic. For fish, both serve as hiding places. Aesthetically, true plants look better but require more care.
There are several options for decorating the aquarium: rocks, logs and other types of objects, such as the traditional sunken boat. The aquarium decorations should provide hiding places to make it more functional. Before introducing any object, you should only wash it with water.
Step 3: Assembly
– Place the substrate;
– Adding water – Add water very carefully so as not to ruin the work you did with the substrate and the plants. The water in the aquarium should be at room temperature.
– Install the equipment – Install the missing appliances. Be careful not to wet the appliance wires and make sure the wires are dry after installation.
Step 4: Waiting Compass
Before placing the fish, the aquarium must make the nitrogen cycle, to increase the chances of survival of the fish. To start the process add a little ammonia or dead matter, such as part of the feed of a fish.
To know when the cycle has ended, measurements should be made of the chemical parameters of the water during this process. It is also advisable to test pH, ammonia, and nitrate.
Step 5: Join the Fish
When the environment of the aquarium becomes stable, you can, finally, gather the fish you want. It is advisable to do this progressively so that the environment created in the aquarium is used to process an increasing amount of waste. Introduce the most resistant fish first, which will best withstand the chemical variations of water that may occur.
Step 6: Maintenance
An aquarium does not survive without regular owner maintenance. In addition to feeding the fish, you should also keep the aquarium water clean and with the desired chemical levels. Performing tests regularly and according to the results makes partial water changes. For more aquarium decorations or gadgets, please go to Banggood web.