The teacup dog is an undersized dog that can fit in a teacup. Usually it weighs 4 pounds and about 17 inches at the age of 12 months. Breeders tend to breed such dogs with some popular breeds like Shih Tzu, Chihuahua, Yorkshire Terrier, Poodle, Pug, Maltese, Pomeranian, Silky Terrier and so on.
These dogs are the off-springs of two runts, which will cause lots of health problems. They often suffer from hydrocephalus (water on the brain), which can cause pressure against the skull due to the accumulated fluid. They can also be the victims of liver shunts, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), heart problems, and respiratory problems. To avoid low blood sugar, owners should feed them several times a day or more. This could be troublesome for people who are occupied with work.
Given that teacup dogs are very vulnerable, they need extra care. You should pay much more attention to the temperature that they are comfortable with. In winter, make sure your dog wear enough dog clothing to keep them warm. In summer, your dog should stay in a ventilated place. When it comes to dog food, I recommend you devise a nutritionally balanced recipe and feed them regularly to maintain their health and fitness. Puppies should stay indoor when the air condition is bad.
You should avoid washing your teacup puppy too often. If you bathe your dog too often, it may cause skin irritation. Besides, the dog products you use to wash your dog are important. Do not use shampoos with artificial fragrances and colors. A shampoo that has a neutral pH balance, around 7 is a good choice for your dog. Of course if you are not sure about its safety, please consult your vet.
Some of you may believe that such a tiny dog is safe for children because it seems tame and innocent. However, teacup dogs are more sensitive and protective. They can be easily hurt or even killed. So the family with kids is not an ideal place for such vulnerable dogs.