Once your puppy is around eight weeks old, you can begin leash training. As one of the most common dog supplies, the first thing you need is a collar or a harness that fits your puppy appropriately, never too loose or too tight. You should be able to fit two fingers between the collar and your puppy’s neck. When deciding between using a collar or harness, there are few things to consider. Does your puppy have any respiratory issues? Does your puppy pull when being walked on leash? Use a harness or head halter if your puppy pulls on leash or has respiratory problems.
Before you can jump right in the training, you’ll need to get used to wearing a collar and having the added weight of a leash. The best thing to do is to have it wear the collar or the harness and the leash around the house, so it becomes used to the feeling. Be sure to keep an eye on your puppy to make sure it doesn’t get trapped, caught or accidentally injured.
If your puppy is noticeably struggling or looks scared, start off with a shoe lace or a small piece of rope so he can get used to dragging only a little something around. This will help it get used to the added presence and weight of a collar and leash.
The leash should have some slack because when you put pressure on a dog, their natural reflect is to move or pull in the opposite direction. If you find your puppy is afraid of walking with the leash, try placing treats along the route you know you’ll be walking to give it the notion that good times are ahead. That way he learns to focus on what’s ahead of him with curiosity and not fear.
As you begin walking your puppy, you will notice that your pace will sometimes have to faster than you expect to retain slack in the leash. Using a retractable dog leash will make the training easier. The more you work with your puppy, the quicker you will be able to train it to slow down while maintaining the needed slack.
As you walk around, begin incorporating specific command for your puppy. Basic commands include sit, stay and heal or let’s go. Do your best to remain consistent with your commands and guide your puppy to the leaning process. For example, when you say sit, guide your puppy to sit until the command is recognized by the puppy. When you say heal, make sure you puppy obey your commend before you start walking again. When you puppy starts to move ahead too quickly, come to a complete stop and wait for it to cease pulling before going forward. Practice this stop and go never allowing your puppy to dictate your pace.